Imagine a fuel with no harm to the environment and which is safe to burn. Yes, with biodiesel, this could be a reality. As an alternative fuel similar to petrol and fossil diesel, biodiesel is an advance form of biofuel produced from an animal or vegetable fat based renewable fuel. Even, used cooking oil (UCO) could be effectively used to produce biofuel and of great use in diesel vehicles.
This revolution is helping several countries overcome their dependence on diesel, as biodiesel has the combustion properties which are very similar to those of petroleum diesel.
Why biodiesel in automobile sector?
Pollution is increasing day by day and one the major reasons behind this is automobile pollutants, which come out due to the use of petrol or diesel based automobiles. If we have an option of an alternative fuel, which least harms the environment, then why not use it. There are several reasons in the support of using biodiesel as an alternative fuel-
It is biodegradable, nontoxic and produces fewer pollutants when burnt completely. It can be used in pure form (B100) or blended with petroleum diesel. Most of the common blend includes B2 (2% biodiesel, 98% diesel), B5 (5% biodiesel, 95% petrodiesel) or B20 (20% biodiesel, 80% petrodiesel).
It has reduced exhaust emissions as compared to petroleum diesel fuel and also it has lower toxicity as compared to the petroleum diesel fuel.
If we compare biodiesel with petroleum diesel, it is safer to handle and its quality is governed by ASTM D 6751 quality parameters.
There were will be a major reduction in all types of pollutants adding to global warming and smog because it burns clean
It is the only alternate fuel, which has been approved by the Environment Protection Agency (EPA). It has also passed every Health – Effects Test of the Clean Air Act and meets the necessities of the California Air Resources Board (CARB)
Biodiesel is much more economical than petrol and diesel since recycling materials such as vegetable oil or animal feces are much cheaper than fossil fuel. And also petrol prices may increase with time as natural resources shrink
One of the most important advantages of using biodiesel is that it burns clear than fossil fuels and hence does not produce sulfur or any other harmful chemicals and also there is no unpleasant smell associated with burning biodiesel
Other advantages of biodiesel fuel are that it can also be blended with other energy resources and oil. Biodiesel fuel can also be used in existing oil heating systems and diesel engines without making any alterations
It can also be distributed through existing diesel fuel pumps, which is another biodiesel fuel advantage over other alternative fuels. The lack of sulfur in 100% biodiesel extends the life of catalytic converters and also the lubricating property of the biodiesel may lengthen the lifetime of engines.